I don’t believe that God promised any piece of land to any one group of people, ethnicity, or religion. It is completely absurd to believe that God drew up a land deed and gave it to one dude sitting around watching some sheep. But according to the Old Testament, Genesis 15:18-21, that is exactly what happened.
On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates — the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”
So if I am going to believe this fragment of the Hebrew Bible, written by the Hebrew people, the Hebrew God promised some land to the Hebrew people where other people were actually living at the time. It’s like religious/racial eminent domain. If we could be able to add to the Bible, I am sure former President George W. Bush would petition God to transfer ownership of Iraq to the Bush Foundation.
I’m sorry but I don’t believe that God Almighty would side on one side versus another on a land dispute. I wonder where he would side in the land disputes of Native American tribes? That said, I do believe that the Jewish people were promised land by a powerful historical geo-political figure. In 1934, Joseph Stalin established the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, “which allowed for the Jews of the Soviet Union to receive a territory in which to pursue Yiddish cultural heritage within a socialist framework.” Unfortunately, the Jewish Autonomous Oblast is in the Russian Far East region and recent census indicate that the Jewish population is at around 1%.