The United States is a large and vast country One is reminded at how vast and empty the United States is when one flies cross country. Compare to China, Japan, India, and even the United Kingdom the United States has low population density. It is also interesting to note that for the last 50 years or so the population of the United States has been aging along with the baby boomers. The United States needs and will continue to need a strong, vibrant, and educated work force to maintain our high standard of living, economic growth, and technological edge.
I claim that one factor for recent economic growth for both China and India is the large population of cheap labor and at the same time large population of educated graduates. It has been reported that the United States produces about 70,000 engineers each year while China and India produce 350,000 and 600,000, respectively, each year!
The following map produced by the geography department at the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom shows the estimated human population and distribution in the year 2050. As it is clearly visible, most of the world population is centered in Africa, Indian and China. North and South America, as well as Europe and Russia are thinly populated.
More maps are available from the University of Sheffield’s World Mapper site. What these maps indicate is that with a growing middle class demanding a better standard of living and exercising their economic muscle China and India are well poised for the next millennium. Looking at the world population and the world economy in light of these maps it is clear that the United States will need a strong and vibrant workforce, a workforce that will include immigrants from Mexico, Latin America, as well as from other countries such as India and China.
[tags]population, population growth, population density, immigration[/tags]